Standardization of 99m technetium Pyrophosphate Imaging Methodology to Diagnose TTR Cardiac Amyloidosis | oneAMYLOIDOSISvoice
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Standardization of 99m technetium Pyrophosphate Imaging Methodology to Diagnose TTR Cardiac Amyloidosis

key information

source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology

year: 2018

authors: Bokhari S, Morgenstern R, Weinberg R, Kinkhabwala M, Panagiotou D, Castano A, DeLuca A, Andrew K, Jin Z, Maurer MS

summary/abstract:

Background:

Technetium pyrophosphate (99mTc-PYP) imaging to diagnose transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA) has been increasingly utilized. The objective of this study is to provide a standardized 99mTc-PYP imaging protocol to diagnose ATTR-CA.

Methods:

104 scans from 45 subjects with biopsy-proven ATTR-CA or light-chain cardiac amyloidosis (AL) were assessed. Multiple scans were obtained using different counts (750 vs 2000 K), times to acquisition (1 vs 2 to 4 hours), processing matrix (256 vs 128), and 99mTc-PYP dose. Image quality and extracardiac activity was assessed. Quantitative methods using heart-to-contralateral ratios (H/CL) and a visual semiquantitative scale were used to diagnose ATTR-CA.19 The correlation between H/CL ratios and reproducibility of semiquantitative visual scores, acquired using various imaging parameters, were evaluated.

Results:

All imaging parameters had good to excellent image quality. 750 vs 2000 K counts, 1 hour acquisition and 256 matrix, had lower extracardiac activity (P = .00018). 10 mCi of 99mTc-PYP v. higher doses showed excellent image quality and less extracardiac activity (P = .0015). Correlation of H/CL ratios was strong (r ≥ 0.92) and reproducibility of semiquantitative visual scores was high (Kappa = 95%).

Conclusion:

An imaging protocol using 750 K counts, 10 mCi of 99mTc-PYP, and a 256 matrix was chosen as the standardized imaging protocol since it provided the shortest overall study time (1 vs 2 to 4 hours) and lowest radiation exposure (3 vs 8 to 10 mSv).

organization: Columbia University Medical Center, USA

DOI: 10.1007/s12350-016-0610-4

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